Ehlers Danlos Syndrome Pictures

Ehlers-Danlos Syndrome pertains to a group of connective tissue disorders. There are 13 subtypes and each has its own set of clinical criteria. The diagnostic criteria are used to distinguish EDS from other types of connective tissue disorders. (1, 2)



Ehlers Danlos syndrome pictures A clinical manifestation of patient with Ehlers Danlos syndrome. The skin can be stretched at an abnormal level.pictures
picture 1: A clinical manifestation of patient with Ehlers Danlos syndrome. The skin can be stretched at an abnormal level.
image source: orthobullets.com

Ehlers Danlos syndrome pictures Joint hypermobility, one of the cardinal signs of EDS. picture
image 2: Joint hypermobility, one of the cardinal signs of EDS.
image source: i.pinimg.com

Ehlers Danlos syndrome pictures The skin is translucent and prone to tear and bruising.picture
picture 3: The skin is translucent and prone to tear and bruising.
image source: adc.bmj.com

 

Ehlers Danlos Syndrome Symptoms

The clinical manifestations of EDS are typically joint and skin related. These include the following:
  • Hypermobility of the joints and early onset of osteoarthritis
  • The skin is extremely fragile that it easily bruises and prone to tear. There is also a possibility of severe scarring and slow wound healing.
  • Early onset of muscle-related illnesses such as intense musculoskeletal pain. (3, 4, and 5)

 

Ehlers Danlos Syndrome Types

There are 13 types of EDS and each type has a distinct problem in connective tissues. The connective tissue is the one responsible for providing strength and elasticity in the body. EDS is the structural problem in the connective tissue. The most common types of EDS are:
  • Classical type
  • Hypermobile type
  • Vascular type
  • Kyphoscoliosis Type
  • Arthrochalasia Type
  • Dermatosparaxis Type (8)




Ehlers Danlos syndrome pictures The patient has hypermobile EDS type characterized by translucent skin that makes the veins and .image
image 4: The patient has hypermobile EDS type characterized by translucent skin that makes the veins and capillaries visible.
image source: i.pinimg.com
Ehlers Danlos syndrome pictures The patient has extra flexible joints.photo
picture 5: The patient has extra flexible joints.
image source: medicaltreasure.com
The vascular type has distinctive facial features. The nose and upper lip are thin. The eyes are prominent and the earlobes are small. The skin is translucent that it bruises easily. In fact, the underlying blood vessels are visible through the skin. (3, 6)

 

Ehlers-Danlos syndrome diagnosis tests

Beighton Scale, one of the tests used to check the hypermobility of the joint ehlers danlos syndrome images
image 6: Beighton Scale, one of the tests used to check the hypermobility of the joint.
image source: s3.amazonaws.com

Molecular testing to check if EDS runs in the family. It is also used to screen for birth defects and chromosomal abnormalities ehlers danlos syndrome images
picture 7: Molecular testing to check if EDS runs in the family. It is also used to screen for birth defects and chromosomal abnormalities.
image source: wisegeek.com

A thorough examination of the patient’s condition is required. The doctor will use Beighton Scale to thoroughly assess the physical condition of the patient, especially the mobility of the joints. It also detects scarring and the ability of the skin to be stretched. Molecular testing is also helpful considering that EDS can run in the family. (6, 7, and 8)

 

Prevalence rate

Ehlers Danlos syndrome affects one in every 2, 500 people. It affects both male and female of all ethnic and racial background. The two inheritance patterns are autosomal dominant and autosomal recessive. Either of the genes can be passed on to the offspring. (2, 3, and 4)

 

Ehlers-Danlos syndrome treatment

 Physical therapy, one of the symptomatic management for EDS Ehlers danlos syndrome pictures
image 8: Physical therapy, one of the symptomatic management for EDS.
image source: movingnaturallywithhypermobility.com

There are various ways to improve the condition of the patient with EDS. These include physical therapy to rehabilitate the affected muscles and joints and drugs to minimize the pain. When deemed necessary, a surgical procedure is done to repair the damaged joints. Other treatments can be used depending on the clinical manifestations of the patient. (3, 5, and 7)

 

How to prevent EDS?

If you have a family history of EDS, then you should talk to a genetic counselor to assess your risk level. The genetic counselor can help you understand the inheritance pattern of EDS that can affect you and your children. (1, 2, and 4)

 

Ehlers Danlos Syndrome Prognosis

The prognosis primarily depends on the type of EDS and the overall health of the patient. Ehlers Danlos syndrome life expectancy can be shortened for those who have the vascular type because of the possibility of organ and vessel rupture. Each case of EDS is unique. There is no cure for EDS. Healthcare professionals usually focus on the symptomatic relief of EDS. (4, 5)

References
  1. https://www.healthline.com/health/ehlers-danlos-syndrome
  2. http://uwcpdx.org/collagen-diagnostic-laboratory/ehlers-danlos-syndrome-test-guide/
  3. http://www.chronicpainpartners.com/diagnosing-eds/
  4. https://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/ehlers-danlos-syndrome/diagnosis-treatment/drc-20362149
  5. https://ghr.nlm.nih.gov/condition/ehlers-danlos-syndrome
  6. http://www.childrenshospital.org/conditions-and-treatments/conditions/ehlers-danlos-syndrome/testing-and-diagnosis
  7. https://blueprintgenetics.com/tests/panels/cardiology/ehlers-danlos-syndrome-panel/
  8. https://www.ehlers-danlos.com/eds-types/

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